5.4 Kunena Forum Posts

In this article, we will review how to create and moderate posts.
Below are what some of the common Kunena Forum terms mean.

Quote - If you wish to quote someone's post whether in whole or in part, press the 'Quote' button located beside the 'Reply' button underneath each post. The is useful if you wish to expand upon a prior post. Once you press the Quote button you are brought into the same editing environment that you use to edit or create any other post. At this point, you type your response directly to that quote. When you are done, press the 'Submit' button.

   Reply Topic - This button functions the same as the 'Reply' button with the exception that your subject line will autofill with the subject of the original post (OP). This may come in handy if you replying to a long post whose subjects may have changed over time but you want to reply to the Original Post. When you are done, press Submit.

Create a New Topic - To start a new topic, navigate to our Index page to see the list of categories. At the top of the list is a button labeled 'New Topic'. Click that button to start your own topic. Type your message and press 'Submit'. If permitted, your topic will appear immediately. If not, then wait for a moderator to approve it.

Format your post - Kunena forum uses Bulletin Board Code. BBcode uses 'tags' to 'mark up' your text. Each 'tag' has an opening and closing 'tag' denoted within brackets. An opening tag will look like [ ] and a closing tag looks like [/ ]. Notice the slash in the closing bracket is the only thing that is different. If you forget the slash, the forum will interpret your closing bracket as an opening bracket. The easiest way to 'mark up' your text is usually to type it out first, then select it, and press the appropriate button at the top of the editor. For example, if you wanted to make 'some text' bold you would type it out 'some text', then select 'some text' with your mouse, and then press the 'B' icon in the toolbar located just above the Message area (where you are composing your message).

You will now see: [b]some text[/b]. When you preview or submit your message it will be displayed as 'some text'.

Alternatively, you can type the tags manually right along with the rest of your text or use the buttons at the top of the editor to insert the tags around your text.

6 Simple Examples of Bbcode
[b]bolded text[/b]
[i]italicized text[/i]
[u]underlined text[/u]
[quote]quoted text[/quote]
[size=15]Large Text[/size]
[color=red]Red Text[/color] or [color=#FF0000]Red Text[/color]

Post a Video to your Forum Message
Embedding a video in your post gives us the ability to show the video in our forum without having to follow a link to some other website to see the video. Let's say you want to post the following Joomla video in your message. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JX7167Nn0R4

You could just post the link to the video by using the Bbcode URL brackets above. But this would take viewers away from our website. So to post the videos inside of our website, first put your cursor where you want the video to go. Then click on the Video Icon which is on the far right of the second row in the Text Editor to open this screen:


There are two ways to insert a video. You could click on the Provider Drop Down arrow and select You Tube. Then copy and paste the You Tube ID into the ID slot, then click INSERT VIDEO. Or copy, paste the entire URL in the URL box, then click INSERT VIDEO.

At the top and the bottom of every topic you will find the 'Subscribe' button. Pressing this button subscribes you to that topic so that any responses to that topic will generate an email notification to your email address stating that a new post has been made along with a link directly to said post for your convenience. You can also manage your subscriptions in your profile.

Add Images to Kunena Topics
The ability to add images to posts is an important way to clarify questions and comments. Unlike Joomla articles, Kunena Forum posts do not use a Media Manager to organize images in a separate folder from the post. Instead, images are added directly to the post from your home computer. You should still create the posts in the same two step fashion that you create a Joomla article. First, write a document, including images where needed. Then make a copy of the document placing the images as JPGs in an images/post folder and replacing the images in the copy with with text like image01, image02. The result is a text only post with images in a separate folder on your PC. Then create a new post and use the Attachments and Insert buttons to insert your images where needed – as is shown below.

Go to Kunena Forum Home page and log in. Then click on New Topic. To add an image to a Kunena Post, click on the ATTACHMENTS button at the bottom of the message box. Then click Add Files. Then navigate to the image in your File Manager and click on it to select it. This places the image JPG as an attachment to the message but does not insert it into the message.


To change the image to an insert in the post, put your cursor where you want the image to go, then click on the INSERT tab that will be visible once an image has been loaded in the ADD FILE field box. Repeat to add more images to this list.


When you click INSERT, code for the image is placed where the image will go. Then click on SUBMIT. Then view your new post to make sure the image was inserted properly.

Upload a PDF to your Forum Post
To include a PDF as an attachment to a Forum post, first go to the Kunena Forum Configurations page and click on the UPLOADS tab. Then scroll down to the Files section. Increase the Maximum file size from 120kB to 2000kB.


Then click Save and close. Next go to the Forum, log in and click on NEW TOPIC. Then click on the Attachment button and navigate to a PDF in your File Manager. Then click Insert to insert the PDF into your message. Below is what a PDF file looks like after it has been added to the Kunena text editor:


Click Submit. This is what it looks like in your forum post:


Click on the double arrows in the upper right corner of the PDF. Then click Download to verify the PDF can be uploaded to your computer.

Moderate your Forum
Next, we will review how to moderate posts of new members.

Write posts and Replies to the Forum
To post a new topic or submit a reply to an existing topic, you first need to register for our website by clicking on Register in the main menu. Once you have registered, click on Login in the main menu. Then click NEW TOPIC in the Kunena menu. Use the Category Drop Down arrow to select the category you want to put your new topic in. We will add a new topic to “How to use this forum.” Then type in your Subject Title, click on an Icon if you want, then type in your message (you can also copy it from a Libre Writer document and paste it into the Message Box. Click Control V button for this screen to appear:


Then press Control plus V on your keyboard to paste any text you had copied into the Paste box. Then click OK. You can add attachments and format any text by selecting it and using the text editor. When you are done, click Submit. Then click on Index to see that this new topic was posted. If topics are immediately posted, it means that the forum is not being moderated. This is generally not a good idea. Go to Kunena, Configurations, Security tab and increase Moderate New Users from 0 to 2. This will require new users first two posts are moderated. Then go back and create a second post as a new member. Click Submit. This message will appear:


To approve this post, log out as the member and log in as a Forum Administrator. In the Category, you will see a Pending Message:


Click on the Topic to open it. In the lower right corner are a bunch of Buttons. Click on the MODERATE button. There will be three options, Moderate, Delete or Approve. Click on the Moderate button. Then click on the Move tab to move a topic to a different category.


Approve the topic to post it. The member will receive an email letting them know that their topic has been approved and posted.

Preview, Approve and Assign New Member Posts
One of the primary ongoing jobs of a moderator is to review and approve posts submitted by registered users. There is an option in Kunena Configurations to receive an email every time a person posts a new message to a category that you are moderating. If you do not want to receive these emails, you can also click directly on posts to review them. To activate the New Posts tab in the Kunena Menu, go to Menus, Kunena Menu and click on the Unread menu item to edit it. Change its title to New Posts and publish it. Then click Save and Close. Then log into the front end of your website as a moderator or super user. Then click on New Posts to review them. New Posts are indicated in the main forum sections and categories view.


Click on this category to see the new posts.


Click on the post to open it. This Message View screen can be pretty confusing. There are Action and Moderation buttons in several places:


The Action and Moderation buttons above and below the message box refer to the entire topic. Click on either of these Action buttons to see three options: Reply Topic, Subscribe or Favorite. Moderation options are: Delete Topic, Moderate Topic, Stick Topic and Lock.


The Quick Reply, Action, Moderation and Thank You buttons inside of the Message Box refer to that specific message. To approve the message just click Approve. This one message at a time method is a rather slow way to approve pending messages – especially if you have a big forum with a lot of categories. Thankfully, there is a better and simpler way to locate ALL PENDING POSTS to make sure they all get reviewed.

Log in as a Moderator or a Super User. Then click on your PROFILE tab. Any pending posts which are awaiting your approval will be listed here under a tab called UNAPPROVED POSTS:


Check the tiny boxes on the right side of the screen to select the posts. Below the pending message is a drop down arrow box. Click this to bring up Approval Options. Click on Approve Selected to approve the post. Then click GO. Alternately, if you want to read the post before approving it, click the Topic to go to the Moderator Review page. If it is okay, click APPROVE in the lower right corner.

Moderate Message
If you have set a category to require moderation, when users post to this category, they will be notified that their message is “pending approval.” When you click on a pending message to moderate it, there will be an APPROVE button below the message. You can also reply to, edit or delete a message. For more detailed options, click on the MODERATE button inside of the message box to be taken to the Moderate Message screen. There, you can assign a topic icon to this message. A green check mark usually means the question or problem has been answered.

Click on the Move Options tab to bring up several options:


Here is what each of the above three options means:

TARGET CATEGORY: You can move the message to a new category. Use the drop down arrow in Target Category to move the message to a different Category. Then click Proceed. The Topic Move feature is especially useful to move a topic from an unlocked category to a locked category.

TARGET TOPIC: You can move the message to another topic in the same category. This is called Merging because the message is now merged with messages in another topic.

NEW SUBJECT: You can change the message subject (or rename the topic) if you think the message needs a clearer or more descriptive title.

Click the Back button to go back to the previous screen.

How to Moderate the entire topic
Instead of clicking on the Moderate button inside the message box, you can click on the Moderation Button outside of the Message box. This will allow you to moderate the entire topic (which is a group of messages, questions and replies). Using the Moderate Topic button is similar to what was described above except that the actions are performed on the whole topic, not just a single message. In effect, you can move threads from one category to another and, optionally, change the topic subject.


This screen looks similar to the Moderate Message screen. But there are some important differences.

TARGET CATEGORY: You can move the entire topic to a different category. To move it to this category, use the drop down arrow in the Target Category and select a new target category.

TARGET TOPIC: You can merge the topic with another topic.

NEW SUBJECT: This changes the name of the entire topic.

Sticky and lock a topic
You can also click on the sticky post option which will put it at the top of your forum or the lock option which will prevent anyone other than a moderator from posting to this topic.

To use the sticky and lock functions, just click on the “sticky” or “lock” button. The lock and sticky buttons are located at the top and bottom of a topic in a topic itself. The sticky function keeps it from sliding down the category as new topics are added. In other words, it stays at the top of the category. Even if the topic had been pushed down by a new post, selecting a topic and clicking on STICKY, moves it to the top of the category and gives it a different color from the rest of the posts.

Create a Forum Help Page
There is a Kunena Menu Item called Help. Click on it to edit it. The Menu Item type is called Custom Content. Change the name to Forum Help. Then publish the Menu Item. Then click Save and Close. Then log into the website front end and click on Forum Help.


What we will do instead is create a Joomla article called Forum Help. This article will explain how to create a New Topic and how to add images, videos and downloadable PDFs to your New Topic. Once your Joomla Forum Help article is done, click Save. Then click CODE VIEW. Then copy paste the HTML version of your Forum Help article into your clipboard. Then go back to the Kunena Menu and click on the Forum Help menu item to edit it. Click on the Main Settings tab. Then change the Format to HTML and paste the HTML version of your Forum Help article into the Contents box.


Then click Save and Close. Then log into the forum and click on the Forum Help Menu Item:


Now that you know how to create your own posts and moderate the posts of others, you are ready to explore the rest of the forum. If you don't understand how to use something, make a post in the forum and ask for help. After all, that is what our forum is all about!

What’s Next?
This concludes our introduction to Kunena Forum. If you have any questions, feel free to email us or post your questions on our community forum!